What is on your mind when you see a super small dog like the Teacup Chihuahua above? Maybe you think he is cute and adorable. Yep, these dogs are born supermini and it is said that they will remain mini until the end of their life. So small, this dog can fit in a cup of tea so it is called a teacup dog.
What? Teacup? Is that a new breed of dog?
- Teacup is not an officially registered dog breed
Although popular, it turns out the teacup dog is not a new breed. The term teacup is actually based more on a tailor-made tactic to attract people who want to adopt. They are just micro-versions of already miniature dog breeds, such as the beagle, maltese, poodle, chihuahua, yorkie, pomeranian and shih tzu.
Size is the main benchmark for a dog can be called a teacup. Well, according to the American Kennel Club dog association, a dog is considered a teacup if it weighs between 2-5 pounds (0.9 – 2.2 kg) and has a maximum adult size of 17 inches or 43 centimeters.
Wow, that small! No wonder it can fit into a pocket or into a teacup. How come?
- Teacup dogs are the result of questionable breeding practices
The problems for these teacup dogs start before they are born. Although this breed of dog can be born naturally from a pair that is already small, given the soaring demand, some rogue breeders even deliberately create super-small species like this.
Breeders often do several things to obtain microspecies, such as pairing pygmy dogs of each species in hopes of getting much smaller puppies.
Unfortunately, the size of the parent dwarf may come from a species that has health problems that keep it small or has an inherited disease. Wow, if the mother has health problems, how can her child be healthy?
In addition, there are also naughty breeders who deliberately stunt the dog’s growth by reducing nutrition, even not giving enough food so that the dog starves. Why would a rogue farmer do such a heinous thing? Well, especially if not for material gain.
- In contrast to their size, teacup dogs pose a major health risk
purebred dogs do have a higher health risk than other types of dogs, such as blindness, heart disease, or diabetes. However, because the teacup is so tiny, it poses a higher health risk because of its size.
The small size makes the dog’s stomach also only fit for a small amount of food. As a result, there can be an extreme drop in blood sugar or hypoglycemia which can cause the dog to feel weak, shiver, and even have seizures.
Therefore, teacups should be fed several times a day more often than other breeds to prevent a drop in blood sugar.
In addition, unhealthy weight is also threatening. Frequent feeding without exercise will make teacup’s weight jump drastically. Don’t forget hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, which is more common in smaller dogs.
Another health risk is bone fragility. Teacup dog bones are smaller and more fragile than larger dog bones, making them more susceptible to fracture.
Another health problem related to size is patellar luxation or sliding kneecap which can affect the teacup’s ability to walk. This condition also often makes animals more susceptible to arthritis.
- Expensive dogs that need extra care plus expensive
Given the high health risks of teacup dogs, of course the cost of treatment if sick is also high, you know. Its small size will make it more difficult to treat. Just imagine how to put an IV in an animal weighing only 1.3 kg.
In addition, breeding practices lead to the so-called risk of liver shunts. This disease is more often a congenital defect in dogs and affects the liver’s ability to excrete toxins. Treatment for a liver shunt can cost up to $6,000.
In addition, do not forget the injuries that can be obtained if you are not patient enough. Falling from the owner’s arm alone can cause the teacup to fracture. So, of course you have to go to the doctor often
- Teacup is too fragile for the world
In addition to health risks, teacup also has limitations in carrying out daily activities. With such a small size, it is certainly very difficult for a dog to interact with other dogs. Let alone to hang out with others, just to get up and down the sofa is difficult considering the height of the sofa which can be twice the size of his body.
Letting him roam the floor is just as dangerous. Many threats, including stepped on, bumped, or even fell on the stairs. Its small size makes it often invisible and unnoticed.
Even if placed on the table, the same risk is still lurking. There are many cases where teacups break their bones when they fall from furniture, are attacked by dogs or other animals, and even fall from their owners’ arms. So, you have to be extra careful if you have this type of dog.
In addition, if you forget to feed him, his blood sugar levels can drop very low and cause seizures, even death. These dogs also have a hard time keeping themselves warm in colder weather and need to wear a sweater. With all the dangers, it’s no wonder to say the teacup is too fragile for the world.
Well, those are some facts about the supermini dog, teacup. Think carefully before you choose this type of dog, yes. If you are still interested in maintaining it, of course you must be prepared materially and attentively.